Hawken rifel Udskriv
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Onsdag, 8. april 2009 21:46

The Hawken rifle is a specific black powder long rifle, generally shorter and of a larger caliber than earlier "Kentucky rifles." Popular in the early to mid-nineteenth century, the term "Hawken rifle" technically referred to rifles made by Jacob and Samuel Hawken of St Louis, Missouri but was often used generically to refer to a variety of "plains rifles" of the period.

The earliest known record of a Hawken rifle dates to 1823[1] when one was made for William Henry Ashley. The Hawkens did not mass-produce their rifles but rather made each one by hand, one at a time. Many famous men were said to have owned a Hawken rifle [2], including (in alphabetical order): Jim Bridger, Kit Carson, Joseph Meek and Theodore Roosevelt

Although popular with mountain men and hunters of the fur trade era, up through the mid part of the 19th century, muzzleloaders were generally replaced by mass-produced, breech-loading weapons such as the Sharps Rifle, the Winchester Rifle and others.

Characteristics of a "classic" Hawken rifle include:[3]

The 1972 film Jeremiah Johnson starred Robert Redford as a mountain man who used such a rifle, and contributed to general interest in replicas and a resurgence in muzzleloaders among modern hunters, including a model called the Hawken from Thompson Center Arms of New Hampshire.

Senest opdateret: Lørdag, 6. marts 2010 23:23